Studi Komparatif Terhadap Narasi Eksorsisme Roh Jahat Dalam Film The Nun I Sampai II dan Eksorsisme Yesus Dalam Markus 1:21-28

  • Jonathan Cristian Wijaya Seminari Alkitab Asia Tenggara, Malang
  • Lemuel Lo Seminari Alkitab Asia Tenggara, Malang
  • Jesica Wahongan Seminari Alkitab Asia Tenggara, Malang
Keywords: exorcism, Gospel of Mark, The Nun I and II, evil spirit.

Abstract

Films featuring scenes of the expulsion of evil powers have been widely published to provide entertainment to the public, while also showcasing certain values within the narrative they visualize. One horror genre film that has garnered considerable interest is "The Nun I and II." These films depict the struggle of several priests attempting to expel the evil spirit named Valak. There are several scenes showing how the characters in the film beseech God for strength to defeat the dark power of Valak. The exorcism narrative depicted in these films offers several points of interest to be examined from a biblical perspective. Speaking of exorcism, the Gospel of Mark also presents several stories of exorcism performed by Jesus against evil spirits. This paper compares the exorcism narrative portrayed in "The Nun I and II" with the exorcism narrative performed by Jesus in the Gospel of Mark, as recounted in Mark 1:21-28. The purpose of the comparison presented in this paper is to demonstrate the relevance (similarities) and irrelevance (differences) of the concept of exorcism as portrayed in both "The Nun I and II" and Mark 1:21-28, enabling one to identify which points align and which do not align with the latter as one of the texts describing exorcism performed by Jesus.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arikonto, S. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Beavis, M. A. (1989). Mark’s audience: The literary and social setting of Mark 4.11-12. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

Belanger, M. (2021). Dictionary Of Demons: Names of the damned. Woodbury: Llewellyn Publication.

Bobertz, C. A. (2016). The gospel of Mark: A liturgical reading. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic.

Botner, M. (2019). Jesus Christ as the son of David in the Gospel of Mark. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Christodonte, M. (2017). Gay Aliens - The Great Deception. Morrisville: Lulu Com.

Crusé, C. F. (2001). Eusebius's Ecclesiastical History: Complete and unabridged. Peabody: Hendrickson.

Diah, D. (2023). Sinopsis The Nun 2 dan Perbedaannya dengan Sekuel Sebelumnya. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Tempo.Co website: https://seleb.tempo.co/read/1770057/sinopsis-the-nun-2-dan-perbedaannya-dengan-sekuel-sebelumnya.

Dunn, J. D. G. (1980). Demon-Possession and Exorcism in The New Testament. Churchman, 94(3), 210-225. https://biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/churchman/094-03_210.pdf.

Ferguson, E. (1984). Demonology of the early Christian world. E. New York: Mellen Press.

France, R. T. (2002). The Gospel of Mark: A Commentary on the Greek Text. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Garland, D. E. (2015). A Theology of Mark’s Gospel: Biblical Theology of The New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

Gathercole, S. J. (2006). The preexistent Son: Recovering the christologies of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Geby, N. (2023). “The Nun II” Semakin Kelam dan Mencekam. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Radio Republik Indonesia website: https://www.rri.go.id/hiburan/354911/the-nun-ii-semakin-kelam-dan-mencekam.

Gerryaldo. (2018). Sinopsis dan Review The Nun, Asal Usul Valak?. Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari Bacaterus website: https://bacaterus.com/review-film-the-nun/.

Grindheim, S. (2013). God’s equal. What can we know about Jesus’ self-understanding? London: T&T Clark.

Guiley, R. (2009). The encyclopedia of demons and demonology. New York: Checkmark Books.

Harmadi, M. (2020). Pembelajaran Efektif Pendidikan Agama Kristen Generasi Milenial. PASCA: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen, 16(1), 62-74.
https://doi.org/10.46494/psc.v16i1.72

Hauw, A. (2019). The Function of Exorcism Stories in Mark’s Gospel. Eugene: Wipf & Stock.

Heil, J. P. (2001). The Gospel of Mark as model for action: A reader-response commentary. Eugene: Wipf & Stock.

Hill, D. L. (2022). Tokens of Presence: Second-Personal Presence and Baptistic Accounts of the Eucharist. Pro Ecclesia, 31(1), 49-72. https://doi.org/10.1177/10638512211050938

Hurtado, L. W. (2003). Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in earliest Christianity. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Ives, D. (2018). ‘The Nun’: A horror movie with a surprisingly pro-Catholic message. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Aleteia website: https://aleteia.org/2018/09/07/the-nun-a-horror-movie-with-a-surprisingly-pro-catholic-message/.

Jannah, N. (2023). Sinopsis The Nun dan Penjelasan Endingnya, Lengkap! Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari Orami Website: https://www.orami.co.id/magazine/sinopsis-the-nun.

Kok, M. J. (2015). The Gospel on the margins: The reception of Mark in the second century. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

König, J. (2023). Exousia and Conflict in the Gospel of Mark. Religions, 14(10), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel14101318

Kristanto, B. (2020). Calvin dan Potensi Pemikirannya bagi Ibadah Kristen. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pelayanan, 19(2), 119-133.
https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v19i2.353

Kurland, D. (2018). The Nun Ending Explained. Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari Den of Geek website: https://www.denofgeek.com/movies/the-nun-ending-explained/.

_________. (2023). The Conjuring Timeline Explained: From Annabelle to The Nun II. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Den of Geek website: https://www.denofgeek.com/movies/the-conjuring-timeline-explained/.

Lucarelli, R. (2011). Demonology during the Late Pharaonic and Greco-Roman Periods in Egypt. Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions, 11(2), 109-125. https://doi.org/10.1163/156921211X603904

Lemire, C. (2019). The Nun. Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari Roger Ebert website: https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/the-nun-2018.

Mackay, D. (2021). Ancient Ghost Stories from Around the World. Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari The Collector website: https://www.thecollector.com/ghost-stories-ancient-greece-rome/.

Marvela (2023). The Nun 2 Rajai Box Office dengan Pendapatan Rp 500 Miliar di Pekan Pertama. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Tempo.co website: https://seleb.tempo.co/read/1770522/the-nun-2-rajai-box-office-dengan-pendapatan-rp-500-miliar-di-pekan-pertama.

Mardiana, A. (2023). Sinopsis The Nun 2, Film Horor Bioskop yang Menegangkan dan Seru. Diambil 15 Februari 2023 dari Katadata website: https://katadata.co.id/agung/lifestyle/64fb03716cc65/sinopsis-the-nun-2-film-horor-bioskop-yang-menegangkan-dan-seru

Mathers, S. L. M., & Crowley, A. (2016). The Lesser key of Solomon: Goetia. Naples: Mockingbird Press.

Mccluskey, M. (2023). Breaking Down the Ending of The Nun II—And Its Place in the Conjuring Universe. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Time Magazine website: https://time.com/6311090/the-nun-2-ending-conjuring-universe/.

Menta, A. (2021). Is ‘the Nun’ Based on a True Story? Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari Decider website: https://decider.com/2021/06/02/the-nun-true-story-the-conjuring/.

_______. (2023, Oktober). ‘The Nun 2’ Ending Explained: What That Post-Credits Scene Could Mean For ‘The Conjuring 4.’ Diambli 15 Februari 2024 dari Decider website: https://decider.com/2023/10/04/the-nun-2-ending-explained/.

Minutaglio, R. (2018). The Terrifying Real-Life Encounter That May Have Inspired the Nun. Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari Esquire website: https://www.esquire.com/entertainment/a23106047/the-nun-movie-true-story-ed-lorraine-warren/.

O’Brien, K. S. (2010). The use of scripture in the Markan passion narrative. London; New York: T&T Clark.

Oden, T. C., & Hall, Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture: Mark vol. 2. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press.

O’Hare, K. (2023). “The Nun II”: Can a Horror Movie Be Catholic? Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Family Theatre Production website: https://www.familytheater.org/blog/the-nun-ii-taissa-farmiga-conjuring.

Olusola, I. (2018). Exorcism in Mark’s Gospel: Implications of Jesus’ Perspective for Today. Studies in Asian Social Science, 5(1), 40-47. https://doi.org/10.5430/sass.v5n1p40

Onongha, K. (2023). Can Christians be Possessed by Evil Spirits? Journal of Adventist Mission Studies, 18(1), 28-35. https://dx.doi.org/10.32597/jams/vol18/iss1/4

Osborne, G. R. (2014). Mark: Teach The Text Commentary Series. Grand Rapids: Baker Books.

Pasley, J. (2018). ‘The Nun’ Movie Summary and Review. Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari The Belltowe: Mount Aloysius College website: https://belltower.mtaloy.edu/8892/perspectives/the-nun-movie-summary-and-review/.

Peter, C. W. (2022). Secrets and Watchers: A Markan Demonology. Eleutheria, 6(1), 235-246. https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/eleu/vol6/iss1/12

Priwiratu, E. C. (2023). Penjelasan Ending Film The Nun 2, Ini Akhir Nasib Suster Irene. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Idn Times website: https://www.idntimes.com/hype/entertainment/elizabeth-chiquita-tuedestin-priwiratu/penjelasan-ending-film-the-nun-2.

Robinson, P. (2023). The Nun II. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Roger Ebert website: https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/the-nun-ii-movie-review-2023.

Rosenberg, E. (2007). The Representation and Role of Demon Possession in Mark. Wellington Street: McGill University.

Samuel, L. (2010). Tinjauan Kritis Terhadap Film-Film Horor Indonesia Dari Perspektif Demonologi Kristen. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pelayanan, 11(1), 81-95. https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v11i1.224

The Exorcist: Believer (2023). Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari IMDb website: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt12921446/.

The Nun (2018). Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari IMDb website: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt5814060/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1.

The Nun (2023). Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari IMDb website: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt10160976/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1.

_____________. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Box Office Mojo website: https://www.boxofficemojo.com/title/tt10160976/?ref_=bo_se_r_1.

The Pope's Exorcist (2023). Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari IMDb website: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt13375076/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0_tt_8_nm_0_q_the%2520pope%27s%2520.

______________________. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Box Office Mojo website: https://www.boxofficemojo.com/title/tt13375076/?ref_=bo_se_r_1.

Sinulingga, M. (2023). The Nun II, Lanjutan Teror Sosok Jahat Nan Bengis. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Kompas Klasika website: https://klasika.kompas.id/baca/the-nun-ii-lanjutan-teror-sosok-jahat-nan-bengis/.

Sokol, T. (2021). The Conjuring 2: The Real Story of the Demonic ‘Nun’ Valak. Diambil 7 Juli 2023 dari Deen of Geek website: https://www.denofgeek.com/movies/the-conjuring-2-real-story-of-demon-nun-valak/.

Sultana, I. (2021). Effects of Horror Movies on Psychological Health of Youth. GMCR, 6(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.31703/gmcr.2021(VI-I).01

Usselman, N. (2023). The Nun II – Acknowledging the reality of evil and the mystery of faith. Diambil 15 Februari 2024 dari Pauline Media Studies website: https://media.pauline.org/reviews/ArticleID/1887/The-NUN-II--Acknowledging-the-reality-of-evil-and-the-mystery-of-faith.

Wijaya, J. C. (2021). Perbuatlah Ini Menjadi Peringatan Akan Aku: Tinjauan Terhadap Konsep Ekaristi Herman Bavinck Menurut Konsep Ekaristi John Zizioulas. Consilium: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan, 23(1), 60-84. http://repository.seabs.ac.id/handle/123456789/1402

Winarjo, H. (2022). Menafsirkan Film Horor Supranatural dengan Wawasan Dunia Kristen. PASCA: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen, 18(2), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.46494/psc.v18i2.216

Zaimar, Y. S. (2017). Semiotic Analysis Of Valak And Lorraine In “The Conjuring 2” Film. Scope: Journal of English Language Teaching, 1(2), 219-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.30998/scope.v1i02.1112
Published
2024-03-09
How to Cite
Wijaya, J., Lo, L., & Wahongan, J. (2024). Studi Komparatif Terhadap Narasi Eksorsisme Roh Jahat Dalam Film The Nun I Sampai II dan Eksorsisme Yesus Dalam Markus 1:21-28. Jurnal Teologi Dan Pelayanan Kerusso, 9(1), 14-36. https://doi.org/10.33856/kerusso.v9i1.321

PlumX Metrics