Penerimaan Gereja Orthodox Tewahedo Terhadap 81 Kitab

  • Oktavia Kristika Sari Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Injili Indonesia - Surabaya
Keywords: Orthodox, Tewahedo, Kanon, Konsili

Abstract

When the Church recognizes the quantity of books as part of God's Word, it uses various standards for book collection. The Tewahedo Orthodox Church, which has 81 books, is one of the churches that got so many. The question of why this Church accepts so many books in its canon and how this Church interprets these books adds to the intricacy of the problem of the number of books in the Tewahedo Orthodox Church tradition. This research employs a content analysis to conduct a literature review. This research demonstrates the Tewahedo Orthodox Church's devotion to the works in its canon. Both in terms of apostles' and Church Fathers' traditions, the lengthy history of Social Culture, Councils and Synods, and the impact of ancient literature in Ethiopia.Although it is well known that writings outside the Hebrew protocanon are employed for ceremonial theology and people's education rather than construction, the Orthodox Tewahedo also believes these works to be vital as books worth reading and historical bridges.

Abstrak indonesia 

Standar pengumpulan kitab yang digunakan oleh Gereja ketika menerima jumlah kitab-kitab sebagai bagian dari Alkitab yang dipegang menggunakan standar yang berbeda-beda. Salah satu gereja yang menerima begitu banyak kitab adalah Gereja Tewahedo Orthodox yang memiliki 81 kitab. Kompleksnya masalah jumlah kitab di dalam tradisi Gereja Tewahedo Orthodox ini, menjadi pertanyaan apa yang menyebabkan Gereja ini menerima begitu banyak kitab dalam kanonnya dan bagaimana Gereja ini memandang kitab-kitab tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan Kajian Kepustakaan berupa kajian isi. Dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan kompleksitas penerimaan Gereja Tewahedo Orthodox terhadap kitab-kitab dalam kanonnya. Baik karena pengaruh tradisi rasul-rasul dan Bapa Gereja, sejarah panjang dalam Social Budaya dan Konsili serta Sinode, maupun juga pengaruh dari Literatur kuno di Ethiopia. Dan diketahui bahwa kitab-kitab diluar protokanon Ibrani tidak digunakan dalam membangun doktrin namun digunakan untuk ritual-ritual dan pengajaran umat, Tewahedo Orthodox juga meganggap penting kitab-kitab ini sebagai kitab-kitab yang layak dibaca dan digunakan sebagai jembatan sejarah.

References

[1] Anke Wanger, Thesis: The Biblical Tewahedo Christian Church.Ethiopia: 2015.
[2] A. Gladel. Übersetzung des Buches des Leuchters, d. i. der Gebete bei der Spendung dr letzten Ölung nachäthiopischem Ritus. In Theologisch-Praktische Quartalschrift 77: 1924
[3] Cherenet Abebe. Meseretawi Yemetsehaf Kidus Atenan Zede. Addis Abeba: Foundational Bible Study, 2011.
[4] Chia, Philip Suciadi, and Juanda Juanda. "Understanding The Relationship Between Faith and Knowledge." Journal DIDASKALIA 3.1 (2020): 1-6.
[5] Dibekulu Zewde. 81 Kidusat Metsaheftena Minchoch-Kenonat. The 81 Holy Books and the Sources – Canons.
[6] Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church, The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church: Faith, Order of Worship and Ecumenical Relations. Addis Abeba: 1996.
[7] Ernst Hammerschmidt. Aethiopistische Forschungen. Memminger Media Center AG: Jerman, 2017.
[8] Elizabeth Teokritoff. The Cambridge Companion To Christian Orthodox Theology, Cambridge University Press: UK, 209.
[9] Fallows, Samuel. The Popular and Critical Bible Encyclopædia and Scriptural Dictionary, Fully Defining and Explaining All Religious Terms, Including Biographical, Geographical, Historical, Archæological and Doctrinal Themes. The Howard-Severance co: Chicago, 1922.
[10] Fr. Tadros Y. Malaty. Introduction to the Coptic Orthodox Church. Alexandria: 1993.
[11] Gailyn Van Rheenen. Syncretism and Contextualization: Nvigating Cultural Currents. Pasadena: William Carey Library.
[12] G. Haile. Sabat 49 Jam Gereja Ethiopia. Jurnal Studi Semit 23: 1988.
[13] J. Blommendaal. Pengantar ke dalam Perjanjian Lama. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia. 1983.
[14] J.N Harden. Ethiopic Didascalia: Translation of Christian Literature Series IV Oriental Text. New York: the lion of judah society’simperial publishers, 2011.
[15] John Barton, Umat berkitab? Wibawa Alkitab dalam Kekristenan. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1993.
[16] Keon Sang, Jurnal: Ethiopian Contextualization. USA: Valparaiso University, 2016.
[17] Lee Martin McDonald &, James A Sanders. of The Canon Debate. Washington DC: Baker Academic, 2002.
[18] Meyendorff. Byzantine Theology : Historical Trends and Doctrinal Themes. Fordham University Press, 1987.
[19] Metzger, Bruce, M. Coogan. The Oxford Companion to the Bible. Oxford: University Press,1993.
[20] Philip Schaff, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Volume 2-04. Letter of Athanasius.
[21] Suwardi Endraswara, Metodologi Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Tim Redaksi CAPS, 2011.
[22] Vahan S. Hovhanessian, The Canon of the Bible and the Apocrifa in the Churches of the East. New York: Peter Lang, 2012.
[23] Yasehaq, The Ethiopian Tewahedo Church: An Intergraly African Church . New York: Vantage press, 1989.
[24] Yonky Karman, Bunga Rampai Perjanjian Lama. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2005.
[25] _______, The Canon of Holy Scripture. Geneva: 1975.
Published
2021-08-23
How to Cite
Sari, O. (2021). Penerimaan Gereja Orthodox Tewahedo Terhadap 81 Kitab. Jurnal Teologi & Pelayanan Kerusso, 6(2), 32-42. https://doi.org/10.33856/kerusso.v6i2.199