The Significance of the Ascension of Christ and Its Implications for Worship

  • Budianto Lim Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Reformed Indonesia
Keywords: significance, ascension, worship, daily discipleship, continual resurrection


The observance of the Ascension of Christ is not really a prime celebration in most Protestant churches. Even examples of congregational practices related to the celebration of Ascension Day throughout Christian worship history are scarce. Most Christians go through this celebration without much consideration on how the ascended Christ influences life in the here and now. Most would probably view Christ as the heavenly king and unconsciously ignore the fact that Christ ascended as the high priest who can empathize with his people. Although Indonesia treats this Christological event as a public holiday, the preparation leading to the celebration is not as significant as other commemorations like Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas. The consequence is that Christians do not have a meaningful worship experience that may inspire them to endure the life of daily discipleship. Thus, the focus of this article is on understanding the significance of Christ’s ascension and how the church can celebrate Ascension Day in ways that help Christians live according to Christ’s teaching and hope for the future. This article will reconsider the biblical and theological foundations of the ascension to develop worship that strengthens the identity of Christians for daily discipleship.


Download data is not yet available.


Alan Cole, Ed Gordon J, & Wenham, et al. (2010). “Mark” in New Bible Commentary, 21st-Century Edition. IL: IVP Academics.

C. Orr Peter. (2019). Exalted Above the Heavens: The Risen and Ascended Christ . IVP Academic.

Darrell L. Bock. (1996). Luke Volume 2: 9:51-24:53, Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament (Vol. 2). MI: Baker Books.

Dean W. Chapman. (2001). How to Worship as a Presbyterian. KY: Geneva Press.

Donald K. McKim. (2014). The Westminster Dictionary of Theological Terms, Second Edition, Revised
and Expanded . Westminster John Knox Press.

Douglas Farrow. (1999). Ascension, and Ecclesia. MI: Eerdmans.

Douglas Farrow. (2011). Ascension Theology . T & T Clark.

E. Webber Robert. (2009). Ancient Future Time . Baker Publishing Group.

F. F. Bruce. (1988). The Book of The Acts, NICOT . MI: Eerdmans.

F.F. Bruce, G. D. F. (1954). The New International Commentary on the New Testament The Book of the Acts. Eerdmans.

Fitzmyer, J. A. (1984). The Ascension of Christ and Pentecost. Theological Studies, 45(3), 409–440.

George R. Beasley-Murray. (1999). John Second Edition, WBC. TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

Gerrit S. Dawson, & Jesus Ascended. (2004). The Meaning of Christ’s Continuing Incarnation. T & T Clark International.

Howard L. Rice, James C, & Huffstutler. (2001). Reformed Worship. Geneva Press.

Hoyt L. Hickman et al. (1992). White, The New Handbook of The Christian Year . TN: Abingdon Press.

J. Dudley Weaver JR. (2002). Presbyterian Worship: A Guide for Clergy. KY: Geneva Press.

James F. White. (1992). Documents of Christian Worship Descriptive and Interpretive Sources. Westminster John Knox Press.

John Calvin, & John T. McNeill. (2006). Institutes of the Christian Religion Volume One. Westminster John Knox Press.

Julie Canlis. (2010). Calvin’s Ladder: A Spiritual Theology of Ascent and Ascension Paperback. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

Kelly M. Kapic. (2005). Receiving Christ’s Priestly Benediction: A Biblical, Historical and Theological Exploration of Luke 24:50-53,. Westminster Theological Journal , 67, 252–252.

Kelly M. Kapic, & Wesley Vander Lugt. (2007). “The Ascension of Jesus and the Descent of the Holy Spirit in Patristic Perspective: A Theological Reading,. Evangelical Quarterly 79.1.

Laurence H. Stookey. (1996). Calendar Christ’s Time for the Church . TN: Abingdon Press.

Patrick Regan, & Maxwell E. Johnson. (2000). The Fifty Days and The Fiftieth Day,” Between Memory and Hope. The Liturgical Press.

Paul F. Bradshaw, & Maxwell E. Johnson. (2011). The Origins of Feasts, Fasts and Seasons in Early Christianity . MI: A Pueblo Book Liturgical Press.

Peter Toon. (1984). The Ascension of Our Lord . IL: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

Schreiner Patrick. (2020). The Ascension of Christ: Recovering a Neglected Doctrine . Lexham Press.

Simon Chan. (2006). Liturgical Theology . IL: IVP Academics.

Thomas F. Torrance. (1976). Space, Time, and Resurrection . MI: Eerdmans.

Thomas J. Talley. (1991). The Origins of the Liturgical Year: Second, Emended Edition . Liturgical Press.

Walter Bauer, & Frederick William Danker. (2000). A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament
and Other Early Christian Literature, 3rd Edition 3rd Edition. University of Chicago Press.

Wasiak, W. (2022). Two Accounts – One Ascension: Luke 24:50-53 and Acts 1:9-11. Biblical Annals, 12(3), 369–391.
How to Cite
Lim, B. (2023) “The Significance of the Ascension of Christ and Its Implications for Worship”, Theological Journal Kerugma, 6(1), pp. 11-20. doi: 10.33856/kerugma.v6i1.279.

PlumX Metrics