The Truth Is Jesus Christ In The Gospel Of John On The Approach Of Popper’s Falsification

  • Khoe Yao Tung Education Faculty, Pelita Harapan University Jakarta
Keywords: ἀλήθεια, truth, Popper falsification, Gospel of John, Gospel and letters of John, philosophy of science.


Many attempts to defend the concept of a Christian understanding of the Truth (ἀλήθεια) especially in the Gospel of John. To defend the Christianity concept of truth, believe The Truth is Jesus Christ himself. Secular scholars attempt to ruin this concept with many theories and principles. They have been continuing to reject this epistemology based on the philosophy of science and questioning what is the Truth and what is the connection with Jesus Christ. To defend this concept, an approach of Karl Popper’s falsification theory is used to justify the truth is Jesus Christ Himself in the Gospel and letters of John.


[1] Bauckham Richard (2015). Gospel of Glory Major, Themes in Johannine Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic a division of Baker.
[2] D. M. Mackinnon, The Christian Understanding of Truth, Published online by Cambridge University Press: 02 February 2009, Scottish Journal of Theology, Volume 1, Issue 1, February 1948, pp. 19 – 29 DOI:
[3] Carson D. A. (1991). Pillar New Testament Commentary (PNTC), The Gospel According to John. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B.Eerdmans Publishing Company.
[4] Groothuis Douglas (2000). Truth Decay. Downer Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
[5] Ogon Bastian (2020). The Concept of Truth in The Gospel of John (Thesis defense), Andrews University, Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary.
[6] Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
[7] Popper Karl (2002). Conjectures and Refutations, The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. London: Routledge Classics (First Published 1963).
[8] Popper, Karl Raimond (1994). The Myth of the framework: in defense of science and rationality. Editor: Mark Amadeus Notturno.
[9] RoutledgeRainbow, Paul A. (Paul Andrew) (2014). Johannine Theology: The Gospel, the Epistles, and the Apocalypse. Downer Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
[10] Luuk van de Weghe and John A. Battle, Truth and Semantic Change in the Gospel of John, Bulletin for Biblical Research, Vol. 31, No. 2 (2021), pp. 211-227 (17 pages). Published By: Penn State University Press.
[11] What is Truth According to the Apostle John? [aceessed on 2oth July 2021].
[12] What is Truth a Description of the Nature of Truth in the Gospel of John, /2019/09/30/what-is-truth-a-description-of-the-nature-of-truth-in-the-gospel-of-john/ [aceessed on 21st July 2021].
How to Cite
Tung, K. (2021) “The Truth Is Jesus Christ In The Gospel Of John On The Approach Of Popper’s Falsification”, Journal Kerugma, 4(1), pp. 22-35. doi: 10.33856/kerugma.v4i1.203.